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Look abroad throughout the land and see North Carolina's sons contending manfully for the Dalm of honor and distinction. —Gaxton.


RALEIGH Howards & BROf<;nTON, I'rinters

I 9 O I



Two Copies Received

AUti 18 1904

Oooyrleht Entry

CLASS a, XXe. No.













Copyrighted 1901, by R. B Cref.cy.



Gka.xdfather'.s Tales of North Carolina History was an inspiration of State love, and was at first- intended for tlie i)rivate instruction of my children and grandchil- dren. Its preparation was eonnnenced ten years ago, as a lal)or of love, in the leisure time taken from my regular editorial ^vork. As the work progressed we occasionally pul)lished specimen chapters of the work in order to ascer- tain wliother it met the public approval. It seemed to '' do .s(j, and some of our friends expressed their approval in gratifying terms of commendation.

Then we thought it might be a useful offering to the public and to our schools and perhaps give a new stimulus to the State love of the rising generation and cause them to know more of their illustrious progenitors, and to emulate their virtues and their patriotic deeds.

One boulder was in our pathway. It costs labor to pre- pare a book for publication. But avo were raised to hard work and ^vere never afraid of it. But, in addition (o that, tliei-e's much expense in money in getting a book be- fore the public, and we never had the gift of money-get- ting and we were largely gifted with the talent for getting rid of it, which talent, we honestly confess, we have never "liid in a napkin," but cultivated assiduously by constant practice that is to say, when w(^ had it to get rid of. However, we have never been an Elijah that the ravens had to feed. So we looked around to accomplish by our wits what our purse refused to do.


Judge Clark is tlic liead of the '"Literary and Ilistorieul Association of Xm-tli Carolina," a man of literary in- stincts, and beinii a younu- man himself, we thought he would naturally he liel])fnl to a young man who was knock- ing for admission into the gnild <>f letters, lie responded kindly and gracinnsly, anil nndri' liis dirccl ion we sent In to the nexl nuH'ting of ilic Assm-iation spiH-iniens of our work, re ])resenting its leading fcatni'es historical, bio- graphicah legenihi ry and poetical to l)e examined by the Association. 'Ilicy were referred to a committee of which Professor lliJl, of tlic A. and ]\r. C\)llege, was chairmar. The committee reported favoralily au<l "commended and reconiinendcd it" to the public and the schools. Wo breathed (-asicn- an<l the skies wcu'e a m(U"e cerulean aspect.

We had askeil oui- friend, .1 ndge Id. G. Connor, a mem- ber of the J louse of IJeju'esentatives of the General Assem- bly of North Caridiua, that in case the k. and H. Asso- ciation gave '■(ii'andfatliei'\s 'I'ales"" a favoralile endors(>- ment, avouM he inlro(luce a resolution in the ]>egislaturG ])le<1ging tlie State to take a certain uunil>ei' of copies o^ the work Avheii pnhlished and to endorse it for use in th-3 ])nhlic schools oi' North ('ai'cdina, and we, at tlic same time. requ(st(Ml Trof(\ssor Hill to hand over the manu- scripts to dndge ('onuoi', after he liail tinished witli them, which he did.

On the last da\- id' the regular session of the Legislature Judge Connor introduced a resolution in the House, en- dorsing the book, recomiueuding its use in the schools of the State and ai»pi-opriatin<: two hnndred dollars ($200) to aid in its puhlication, and the resoliuion was unani- mously- and ininiediattdy passed, hoih parlio uniting in


its passage. Then we breathed easier, deeper, longe:-, broader, and every inspiration was a joy.

Thanking- my friends for the kind words of enconrage- ment and the assistance tbey have given me in the prepa- ration of this work, and trusting that it may meet the approval of ray countrymen, I bid them an affectionate adieu.

li. B. Creecv. Elizabeth City, N. C. Oct. 12. litOl.



Ode 1

Sir Walter Raleigh 6

The Lost Colony is

Beginning of a Nation _ . 1 '2

Legend of the W hite Doe 15

Legend of Batz's Grave .. 19

An Unsettled Question 22

George Durant and King Kilcokannan 24

The Story of William Drummond 27

Our Parliamentary (Jenesis ;51

Culpepper's Rebellion 33

The Edenton Tea Party 35 ^

John Harvey 10

The Resolutions of St Paul's Vestry 43

The Regulators 45

The Tusrarora Mas.sacre 47

Tiie Huguenot Blood in North Carolina 49

The Scotch-Irish Element in our History 52

Tom Browns Dog Tilden 54

Teach and Potter, Carolina's Outlaws 57

Old-time Hazing at the University 61

The Old-time Quaker - H4

Thomas Hart Benton 67

Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence 69

The Stanij) Party in Wilmington 72

Jimmy Sutton and Admiral Cockburn 77

Battle of Guilford Court House 79

John Stanly 82

Gaston at the University .. . - 84

The Last of the Romans.. --- 88

Betsy Dowdy's Ride - - - 9o

What I Know About " Shocco " Jones 96

Gov John M. Morehead 101

An Evening with Gaston... 104

Interesting North Carolina History 114



Pasquotank River - . 1 16

Gaston in the Convention of 1835 . . . 119

Gavin Hogg . - - 133

James Allen 1 25

Ethnology 127

The Convention of 1835 - 130

Joseph B Skinner 132

Judge R R. Heath 136

Gen. William Gregory 138

Anecdotes of Mr. Badger 1 42

The Pen and the Sword 146

The Giants of 1840 148

The Death of William Ga'^ton 152

Mammy Ellen . 154

Henry W. Miller 157

Judge Thomas Ruffin .. .. . 161

A Monster Snake 1 63

Battle of Moore"s Creek Bridge 1 66

The Banker Pony Ifii)

Dare County . 1 72

Nags Head.. .. 174

Governor Swain . 17N

Iredell, Shepard. Rayner. Smith. Shaw 182

W. W. Cherry 186

The Ministers of God U)()

Union League and Ku-Klux Klan 194

Western Scenery 197

Gen. J . Johnston Pettigrew 200

Recollections of Thomas S. Ashe 208

University Reminiscences 211

Death of Dr Elislia Mitchell 213

Among the Carolina Writers 218

The Bombardment 222

Gov. William A Graiiam ,. . 225

The Mountain Grandeur of Western Carolina... 228

Flora McDonald 030

The Black Flag 234

Remnants of Lo.. . . .. .... 237

A Dread Time 239

The King of Birds and the Bravest of Beasts 242



Gen. James Martin _ 244

Charles R. Kinney. - 246

Mrs. Rachael Caldwell 2ry2

He Loved Everything in the State 2.55

The Bureau Rule in 186G... 260

The Capture of the Maple Leaf 264

Humors of the Maple Leaf 266

William S Ashe 268

The Charge at Gettysburg . . 271

Mrs. Willie Jones 273

Raleigh 277

Among Currituck Ducks and Duckers 283

The Battle of Sawyer's Lane 286

Col. William L. Saunders 289

Winston-Salem 291

The Invasion of the Carpet-bagger 295

James C. Dobbin 297

The New Century. 300




At the gateway of our history,

Stands one whose fame is ours,

A gallant man and noble, our father and our son ;

''A man to note right well, as one

Who shot his arrows straightway at the sun.

His was all the Norman's polish

And sobriety of grace,

All the Goth's majestic figure,

All the Roman's noble face,

And he stood the tall exemplar

Of a grand, historic race."

His fame is ours.

This foster-child of fame.

Who made his Queen and country

His brightest, noblest aim.

Who dare challenge our heritage

Of Walter Raleigh's name !

His fame is ours.

As he rides with knightly bearing

Down the corridors of time

We bow in homage to his name

And claim him as our own.

We weep at his misfortunes,

We rejoice at his renown,

And at his final ghastly doom.

We place our green forget-me-not

In sorrow on his tomb.

As I look back through the vista

Of three hundred years ago,

grandfather's tales.

!My heart is swelled with varying tides Alternate joy and woe

I pause in thought and sadness at those immortal men Who perished at Koanoke ; hut how, or where, or

when, Will ne'er be known while time endures to any mortal

men, 'Till that great day when all shall see the secrets of

the past. But this sad thought comes to cheer us, In this far-distant time If round the brow of any land We twine the cypress leaf. It is lovely in its sadness With its coronet of grief. So, cheer up, Carolinians ! The seed, watered by your tears. Has grown to mighty greatness In all the coming years. But as I search again our ample store Of vast and misty legendary lore, And view its scenes and sights with pleasure rife, I find the old kaleidoscope of life. The thorns and rosebuds nestling side by side, The bane and antidote of life allied ; As, of ttime at the fall of some sad tear, There stands a smile to comfort and to cheer. And so the fountain of our grand old State Was not all bitter Avaters, At that time of ancient date. The purple grape, the perfume-laden air. The weird music from the mockbird's note. The willet's whistle and the gulFs wild scream Wra])pcd all their senses in a soothing dream When first they anchored in old Occam's stream. After God, theFather, Came their country and its Queen ; Then the pageant of possession.


A grand and gorgeous scene.

The shout, the drum, the cannon's roar

Resound from shore to shore,

And witli the loud acclaim

Was mingled oft the virgin Queen and great Sir

Walter's name. They called the land Virginia, Through its limitless domain, From sea to sea, from jS^orth to South, From mountain top to plain. Thev builded, the.y planted, They reared a sightly town ; They named it after Raleigh, That man of high renown. They built a fort, they worshipped, They raised altars to our God. All this, and more, was done On Carolina's sod.

By the law of cause and sequence.

By the ordering of the Fates,

C%irolina was the first-born

And the mother of the States.

Virginia was her first name.

Her baptismal name at l)irtli.

But at her confirmation

And renewal of her vow,

Carolina, Carolina, became her name as now.

By the fiat of Omnipotence, ]S^o word or action dies, But, borne up by angels To the chancery of the skies, The recording angel. In his justice-seat on high. Records it and files it, And with a smile or sigh, 'Till that creat dav and dread

grandfather's tales.

When earth and sea deliver np Their living and their dead.

ISTo word or action dies,

'Tis filed away in heaven,

Perennial on earth,

And goes on reproducing,

From the moment of its birth.

The acorn which was j^lanted

And produced Columbia's oak.

Was the acorn that was planted

On the island of Roanoke.

That oak, now grown to giant height,

Which shadows all our land,

Was from tlie acorn planted

By Sir Walter Raleigh's hand.

That oak that's now a giant.

And of all men known and spoken,

Was planted first and nourished.

On the island of Wokoken.

Jamestown was its first fruit,

And John Smith's fame and glory

Was but the early sequel

Of Roanoke's saddened story.

And pretty Pocahontas,

Witli her romance all aglow.

Is but the reproduction

Of kind old Manteo.

But why drop the name Virginia And give it to another ? It was the sweet baptismal name Of our dear old mother ; Her's by right of first discovery, Her's by the loud acclaim, Her's by the primal title. When tliat battle flag unfurled Proclaimed the land Virginia,


And challenged all the world To dispute it, face to face, As the rightful, just possession Of the Anglo-Saxon race.

Why drop the name Virginia

And tal<:e another name ?

'Tis the same old tender tale.

The old maternal love,

The same,

That weeps when others smile,

And pours out tears like water

At tJie happy bridal

Of her first-born lovely daughter.

It was in part her bridal dowry

She gave young Virginia with,

When with heart and hand united.

She married Captain Smith.

Virginia grew to greatness,

She bore her mother's name ,

Who, true to all her children,

Speaks no word of blame ;

But sometimes with maternal pride

She whispers, soft and tame,

Virginia has no fault.

If fault it be.

But avarice of fame.

But avarice, my daughter,

Becomes a noxious weed

When you feed on other's laurels

In your avaricious greed.

So lift up your heads, my countrymen. And with uncovered brow, Before the great Eternal One, Make tliis your sacred vow,

"Carolina, Carolina, heaven's blessings attend her ! While wo live wo will clicrish, protect and defend her."



At the gateway of our history stands Walter Raleigh's name, A gem of purest lustre in our coronet of fame

If you were asked the question, which one of the Uni- ted States you loved best, you would say North Carolina. You would say so because it is the home of your parents, and of your forefathers since it was first settled, and be- cause their graves are here.

North Carolina is sometimes called the ''Old North State," because it was the first settled of the Carolinas, and when a part of it was taken off for convenience, that part was called South Carolina, and the old part was called North Carolina, or the ''Old North State."

During the late unhappy war between the States it was sometimes called the ''Tar-heel State," because tar was made in the State, and because in battle the soldiers of North Carolina stuck to their bloodv work as if they had tar on their heels, and when General Lee said, "God bless the Tar-heel boys," they took the name.

You all know something about the State; but I know you would like to know more about it, and I will try to let you know more, if you will keep still and listen to the tales I will tell you about it.

The first public man whose name is connected with North Carolina history is Sir Walter Raleigh. He was an English nobleman, and hi-i life is full of interest. He lived about three hundred years ago, in the most famous period of English history, and he was the foremost man of his time. As a writer, he was the companion of Shake- speare. As a soldier, he was the companion of Howard. As a statesman, he was the companion of Bacon. As an adviser, he was the nearest to Queen Elizabeth's distin- guished company.

Do you know what gave Raleigh his start in the world when he was a young man ? It was simply a little piece of politeness.

He was passing down a street in London dressed in a



stylish scarlet cloak. The Queen, with her attendants, was walking down the same street, and when near Raleigh she stopped at a niuddj^ place in her way. Raleigh ran up, took off his scarlet cloak and threw it over the mud for the Queen to walk on.

This act of politeness made him a great favorite with the Queen, and she bestowed many favors upon him. Among other favors, she gave him the right to make dis- coveries in America, and gave him the lands which he might discover which were not owned by Christian people.

Raleigh sent out persons to explore the country. The land they first discovered was Roanoke Island, and they examined the country on the waters of Albemarle and Pamplico Sounds.

The world is full of changes for the better and for the worse, and after Queen Elizabeth's death the good for- tune of Raleigh changed for the worse.

James I, King of England, succeeded Elizabeth. He was weak-minded, credulous, and easily influenced. The flatterers that were around him did not like Raleigh be- cause he had been the favorite of the late Queen, and they determined that he shoidd not be the favorite of King James.

They brought accusations against Raleigh. They made the King believe that he was not faithful to his King and country. Raleigh had been engaged in war with Spain, and they made the King believe that he loved Spain more than England, and that he had betrayed his country.

King James believed these charges, and Sir Walter Raleigh was arrested, im]irisoned for twelve years, tried for treason and condemned to be beheaded, which was done in the year 1618. The judge Avas a corrupt tool of the King, and used his office against Raleigh.

He died as he lived, a brave, faithful, Cliristian man, and his memory is dear to ]^orth Caroliim and to the En<r- lish people.

grandfather's tales.


Darkness there and nothing more

Dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before.

Let my heart be still a moment, and this mystery explore.

Pve's Raven.

Sir Walter Raleigh laid out $200,000 to make a settlement on Roanoke Island. He sent out four separate expeditions. All came to the same island, and all failed to make a permanent settlement.

He first sent out Captain Philip Amadas and ('antain Arthur Barlowe in two vessels. They landed at Ballast Point on Roanoke Island, remained some days, and while here examined Albemarle and Pamplico Sounds, and Roanoke, Chowan and Scuppernong rivers. They re- turned to England and gave Sir Walter Raleigh and the Queen of England a very favorable account of the country they had discovered.

They carried back witli them on their '•etin'n somo pro- ducts of the country and two Indians, one named Manteo and the other Wanchese.

That was in the year 1584, and was the first time that any white man of the Anglo-Saxon race, to which race you belong, ever put his foot on America.

He soon sent over another expedition of some ships loaded with settlers.

They reached Roanoke Island, and soon began to build and make preparation for a permanent settlement. They called their place of building the City of Raleigh, and the remains of it are seen at this dav.

An old fort is still plainly to be seen on the lands of Walter Dough. It was probably built to afford a defence to the settlers against the attacks of hostile Indians.

They soon got into trouble with the Indians, and all exce]it fifteen men returned home to England.

Raleigh had set his heart upon establishing a colony at Roanoke Island. After awhile he sent out another col- onv of one hundred and fifty men. women and children.


They were provided with farming utensils, stock, provis- ions and vegetable seeds, and Raleigh thought he would now certainly succeed.

This colony was under the lead of (rovernor White. He had with him everything that was necessary for a complete society. He was accompanied hj men of learning, men of skill, men of science, and a pious clergyman of the English Church. A Christian community to whom the ordinances of our holy religion were administered.

When the colony of Governor White reached Roanoke Island, iheir first thought was of tlie fifteen men that the last colony had left there.

All that they could find of them were the bleaching bones of a white man scattered on the ground. The fort in which they lived was there. It was unoccupied, and wild deer were feeding on the deserted grounds. They had evi- dently been killed by the Indians.

The new colony of Governor White soon commenced the work of settlement on the island where so much trouble had overtaken the other colonies. Soon after their arrival, Virginia Dare, daughter of Eleanor Hare, and grand- daughter of Governor White, was born. She was the first child of our race born in America.

The colony found the Indians unfriendly to them, and they proposed to White to return to England and bring out more persons, in order to strengthen their power. He left for Eno;land with fifty of the men. Before leaving, it was aijreed between them that if the colony should be compelled to leave the island they should go to Croatan, where the Indians were more friendly to them. And if they left, they should write on a tree in plain letters the name Croat vn, and if their leavinc,- was caused by any trouble with the Indians, they should make a plain cross- mark over the word.

White returned to England, and, on account of the dis- turbance of the country by the war with Spain, he was not able to return to Roanoke Island in two years.

After two years he returned to the island and could

lo grandfather's tales.

not find any of the colony tliat he left there. They were all gone, and he could find nothing of them at the city of Kaleigh where he had left them.

Near the shore he found a tree with the letters C R O plainly cut on it, and not far oif he found another tree with the letters Croatan cut on it. There was no cross- mark on the tree. So he thought they were all safe at Croatan, and he made preparations to go there.

He went on board his vessels to make sail for Croatan, but a storm came on which prevented his leaving, and his provisions were nearly exhausted.

So he concluded he would first go to the West Indies to get a new supply of provisions and make some repairs to his vessels.

But he was compelled by stress of weather to abandon the intention of going to the West Indies, and directed his course to England.

This was the last attempt to sustain an English colony on Roanoke Island. White's colony was never 'heard of again, and their fate will always be a mystery.

There have been several opinions of what became of them, but all is mystery, and nothing is certain. They are merely the opinions of persons feeling in the dark for what can never be positively known.

Some are of the opinion that they went to Croatan, and, after years of hardship and despair of ever seeing their English friends and kindred again, they intermarried with the Indians and fell back into their savage mode of life.

This opinion can hardly be correct, because there were nearlv an hundred men, women and children of the colony, and some of them would have kept the blood p\ire in their families.

Another reason to ]n'ove that they were not absorbed and mixed with the Indian race, is that iSTorth Carolina was settled by the white race on Albemarle Sound only sixty years from the time of the lost colony.

Some of them would huxe been found living among the Indians when the white settlers came to Albemarle Sound.


When the settlers came to Albemarle from Virginia, Virginia Dare would not have been much over sixty years old, if she had been living.

If a number of white people had been living at the lower end of Albemarle Sound, the Indians living at the other end of the Sound would have known it, and would have let the new comers of the same color know of it.

The Indian tribes were migratory, and knew each other who were distant. The Indians on Roanoke Island knew the Indians who lived on Chesapeake Bay and on James River.

It is not possible, then, that a race of men entirely differ- ent in color could have lived among the Indians of Croatan without being known to the Indians of Albemarlo Sound.

Another opinion is that AVhite's colony went to Croatan, and then moved higher up Albemarle Sound and settled among the VeoDom Indians in Perquimans Countv and kept themselves apart from the Indians.

This oninion is formed from this circumstance :

The names of the settlers who came to Roanoke Island with Governor White are known, and it is a little surpri'^- ing that many of the same names have been well-known names among the peonle living in the Yeopom neighbor- hood of Perquimans County. The same names are known there to this day.

This is a strong: circumstance. Many historical facts are traced to the names of families.

It is commonly believed that two of the brothers of Oliver Cromwell came to Halifax County, in Jl^orth Caro- liua, after the restoration of the Englisli monarchy, to nvoi'l ])unishment in England.

They changed their names to Crowell, but their iir^^t names were the same with the Crom wells of England for many generations, and this, with other circumstances, caused them to be taken for Cromwell's brothers.

But the lost colony could not have settled in Per- quimans.

When the settlements were made on Albemarle Sound


from \'irnini:i, if there liad been a colony of English peo- ple there when they came, it would have been mentioned in the records of that time relatins; to the Albemarle set- tlement.

What, then, became of the lost colony about which tliere has been so much unsatisfied curiosity ?

My opinion is that the,y were murdered by the Indians. The Indian character for cruelty favors that opinion. The hostility of race favors it. The Indians of Roanoke Island were unfriendly to the whites. The Croatan In- dians were supposed to be friendly to the whites. But they were only a few miles from Roanoke Island, and were in sympathy with tliose Indian tribes.


In 1865 there were discovered in the British Museum original drawino-s of the Indians that were seen by Sir Walter Raleigh's colony on Roanoke Island, tombs of the Indian Chiefs and a map of the country, as seen by the colonists. These drawings were made by losin AVhite, who came to Roanoke Island as an artist with the first col- ony and was afterwards sent out as Governor with the second colony, and who w^as the grandfather of Virginia Dare, the first Anglo-Saxon born in America. They are now preserved with great care in the Grenville collection of American antiquities in the British Museum, and were first 2:iven to the public, with Dermission of the m.^.nagers of the Museum, by John Eggleston in 1882.

Wh.ite appears to have been no mean nrtist. ITis -KOtch of the tombs of the Indian Chiefs (the Westminster Abbey of the savages) would do no discredit to art in our time. It is probable that some such sepulchre may yet be found


on Koaiioke Island, if proper diligence were used in the examination.

It is to be regretted that no likeness is extant, so far as we know, of old Manteo, the friend of the whites, constant through all their trials, the first Indian admitted by bap- tism within the pale of the Christian Church, admitted under the adopted title bv ba^->tism of "Lord of Koanoke." One so distinguished by title and by baptism surely awa- kened curiosity at the court of Elizabeth, to which he was carried on the return voyage of some of the colonists, and that public curiosity must have placed his face on the artist's canvas. It may yet be found. The drawings of White were unknown for nearly three hundred years.

The map executed bv White has adopted the names of some localities wdiich have come down to our time. "Roanoke" is evidently our Roanoke Island, as appears from the name and the location. "Chawanoke" is evidentlv intended for our Chowan, from its location on the map high up the broad waters. "Pasquotac," lower down on the map, naist be intended for our corrupt spelling of Fas- (luotnnk. "Platlrask" is our Hatteras, "Wococon" would be our Wiccakon Creek, of Hertford County, but its local- ity in the sounds below Roanoke Island would not seem to indicate it. "Croatan" preserves its name and locality through all time. "Weapomeoc," from its locality, miglit be Yeopim, with some reach of the imagination. "Etar- retoac" and "]Srausa2;oe" and "Menteo" and "Paquippe" and "Raguiac," and some others, are prominent names on Wliite's map which have faded from the memories of men.

The ma]i of White is profusely illustrated with the tinny monsters of the deep. Whales, and porpoise, and sharks, and devil-fish, and flying-fish abound.

But the most curious of the drawings of White is the mode of sepulture of the magnate savages, chiefs of the tribe and dignitaries of the land. In his own description it is:

"The tombe of ther Cherounes or chiefe personages.

14 grandfather's tales.

their flesh clene taken of from the bones save the skjnn and heare of theirc heads, which flesh is dried and enfolded in matts Lnid at tlicire feete, their bones also being made dry ar covered with deare skins not altering- their formie or pro])ortion. With tlieire Kywash, wliich is an Image of woode keeping the deade."

The descriptive drawing of the Indian mode of dis- posing of their dead, is altogether singular to ns. After arranii'ing the bodies as mentioned by White, they are placed under a canopy with their heads downward and their feet confined in mats and a wood idol placed beside them, as if in protection of the sacred deposit.

The conjurer, as drawn by White, an oflicial chiu-acter anion"' lhe Indians of Roanoke Island, is a grotesque looking fellow, a dancinc:, gay, pantomimic character, altogether out of keeping with our conceptions of the grav- ity of one who deals with the mysterious and the super- natural. The conjurer, as drawn by Wliite, must have placed or broken the spell of coujui'atioii bv the aid of rhe terpsicliorean art.

The priest and the doctor, the medicine man and the minister in holy offices among the Indians of the Island, as drawn bv White, is a different looking character from the lively conjurer, although their offices were kindred. His dress resembles the Roman toga, a tunic extending below the tliijihs. Grave, demure, serious, and solemn-looking, he evidentb- was fully impressed with, or affected to be impressed with, the importance of his solemn oflice. He was evidently a man of sorrows and acnuainted with grief, aud the transports of beatitude did not entci- into hi'=; concei)tions of tlie dark, mysterious unknown.

Wyngino's wife, tlie King of the tribe, or oue of them, for polygamy was part of the Mormonatic faith of the Indians of Roanoke, as drawn by White, is attired in short tights that stop above the knee. She is a comely- lookiug maiden and was drawn by White, with arms folded over her shoulders, with calves crossed, with head and arms ornamented with jewels of bead work, probably obtained


from the colonists, and, from appearance, is not nnadapted to awaken the King's love.

The village of Secotan, which was on the Island, we believe, is also drawn by White. The houses are not the wigwams of our youthful conception, but are built in sim- ple stvle, all alike, resemljling somewhat the round -top, huge tobacco wagons of Granville County, some nestling in shade, some out, some located in pairs, some without ref- erence to order or design, not laid off in streets, built irreg- ularly. To give artistic effect, we suppose, White, in his drawing of the village Secotan, scatters Indians about, generally groupina: in pairs, one with the emblematic bow and arrow, some around a camp fire. The houses are without chimneys or smoke valves, Init seem to have abun- dant ventilation.

This was the Roanoke Island of the aborigines. Men of Roanoke, you have a goodly heritage and tread consecrated ground. You are at the fountain of a great stream that has gone on widening and deepening until it has become the master work of the great Anglo-Saxon race, a race be- yond compare among the sons of men, a race without whose record the history of the world would be incomplete.


Across the twilight of the ages past A spectral figure moves vague, undefined : And where it goes a shade comes o'er the mind. As 't were some picture overcast

In the earlv wart of the seventeenth century, that is, about the year 1615, or 1620, the Indian hunters who lived on Roanoke Island were greatly excited by seeing a milk-white doe among the herd of deer that were then commonly found on the island.

It attracted the attention of the hunters because it was

1 6 grandfather's tales.

the most beautiful one of all the herd, because it was the fleetest, and because the most skilful marksmen had never been able to kill it Avith an arrow. Okisco, a noted hunter, Avlio lived among the Chawanooke tribe, was sent for, and he drew his bow upon the beautiful white doe, but he never could do her harm.

She came to be well known to the Indian hunters of Roanoke Island, and was often found on the situation of the old city of Raleigh, apart from the herd of deer, with her sad face toward the east. Again and again she was hunted, but all the arrows aimed at her life fell harmless beside her. She bounded over the sand-hills with the swiftness of the winds and always turned in the direction of Croatan.

Huntine' parties of Indians were made ud to entrap lier by stationing themselves along the tracks of her flight, ^\■hich had become known to the hunters by liei" always lak- ing the same course. But all their efforts were without avail. The swift white doe seemed to have a charmed life, or to be under the protection of some Divine power. Everyone now talked of the white doe, and everyone had liis own opinion about her. The braves, the squaws, and tlie papooses talked of the milk-white doe. Some had fears of evil from the strange aDParition. Some thought she was the omen of good, and some thought it was the spirit of some sad departed.

Sometimes she would be seen on the high grounds of Croatan, sometimes in the swamps of Durant's Island, sometimes upon the Cranberry bogs of East Lake, often on Roanoke Island near Raleigh City, and sometimes, tliough rarely, on the sands of Kill Devil Hills ; sometimes alone, always sad and beautiful.

The news of the white doe spread far and wide, and old Winc'ina determined to call a council of chiefs to determine what to do.

'Okisco, chief of the Chawanookes ; Kuskatenew and Ivil- kokanwan, of the Yeopoms, and others, attended tlie coun- cil. They all came with their attendants, all armed with


llieir war weapons, the bow and arroAv. They determined to liave a gTand hunt in the early Indian summer time, and without delay. In November, when the leaves had fallen and the earth was carpeted with its brown and russet, cov- ering of forest leaves, all the friendly eliiefs came to Roan- oke Island to join the fierce Wingina in his appointed hunt i for the milk-white doe, and each with his chosen weapon ' of the chase.

; The cliiefs, after their feast, prepared by the wife of , Wingina, agreed that they should station themselves along ' the course of the white doe when pursued by the hunters, j and either exhaust her in the chase, or slay her with their deadly arrows. Wingina, the most powerful of all, took I his place at Raleigh ( 'ity, where the doe always passed and always stopped.

Old Granganimeo, the brother of Wingina, took his stand at Croatan Sound, where she crossed to Roanoke Island.

Okisco took his stand upon the goodly land of Pomonik, in the low grounds of Durant's Island.

Kind old Manteo went up into the shaky land Wocokon, among the prairies and cranberry liogs of East Lake.

Minatonon, the fierce chief who made his home at Se- quaton, took his stand at Jockey's Ridge, by the sea, in the land of the Coristooks.

Wanchese took his stand at Kill Devil, in the country of Secotan.

They had all l)rought with them their best bows and arrows, and also their chosen archers. But the bow of Wanchese differed from the others. When, long ago, he had gone over the sea to England, the great Qnoen had given him an arrow-head made of solid silver, like the stone arrows-head that Amadas carried to Sir Walter Ral-